Romans 1-8: Notes from July 19th, 2012

Romans 1

1. Key ideas and themes
– Paul admonishes sinners
– The righteous live by faith
– All are under the wrath of God
– v. 16: Paul is unashamed of the Gospel
– encouraging

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

Character of God

Character of Man

– sovereign (v. 28)
– Just (v. 18)
– incorruptible (v. 23)
– stupidity (v. 18-19)
– shortsighted (v. 25)
– corrupting (v. 32)
– approving of corruption

3. Non-Christian/Evangelism
– v. 16: attitude to have
– v. 10: demonstrates humility
– v. 15: eager to preach the Gospel/enthusiasm/excited
– v. 17: “God gave mankind the nature of falling into lies and depraved mindsets, and for us to evangelize to them is to help them process those lies and reveal truth in that and bring them out of that. It’s almost like a reversal process back into their former innocence.” — Zach Hom

Thesis Statement: Paul writes to the church in Rome so that they may partake in apostolic teaching for the first time, being sure to reveal to them their sinfulness in light of God’s wrath.

Romans 2

1. Key ideas and themes
– all are condemned because we all sin under the law
– storing up wrath

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

Characteristics of God

Characteristics of Man

– impartiality (v. 6)
– perfect judge (v. 2)
– hypocritical (v. 1, 3)
– stubborn (v. 5)
– ignorant (v. 8)

3. Non-Christian/Evangelism
– can’t be ignorant
– Romans 21:23 — live under the law as a testimony to non-christians
– establish law vs. abolish it
– inward change, not just outward (v. 28-29)

4. Questions
Why does God say “First to the Jew, then to the Gentile?”
– One possible answer is: The Jews had heard of and had been looking forward to Jesus’ coming for a longer time, so they would be held accountable for their sin of unbelief first, as is stated in Romans 2:9.

Thesis Statement: All are condemned under the law because we have the law written on our hearts, but we don’t live by it.

Romans 3

1. Key ideas and themes
– (v. 23) total depravity
– no one is responsible for God’s righteousness
– (v. 24) justified by faith
– law of works vs. law of faith

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

Characteristics of God

Characteristics of Man

– just (v. 10)
– true (v. 4)
– divine (v. 25)
– forgiving (v. 24)
– don’t know God so no fear of God (v. 10-18)
– snakes (v. 13)
– unrighteous (v. 5)
– ignorant (v. 11)
– not seeking God (v. 11)

3. Non-Christian/evangelism
– God of Gentiles and Jews (v. 29)
– when talking to non-christians, emphasize v. 20: “Through the law comes the knowledge of sin,” not through the law comes salvation. It’s not about works.
– v. 24: justification is a gift by grace. we don’t earn it.
– v. 27: boasting is excluded, for we are justified apart from the law
– v. 31: don’t disregard the law

4. Questions:
There is none righteous, no not one. But the righteous live by faith. How can this be?
– one possible answer is that none are righteous under the law, but God’s righteousness is manifested in us through the work of His son.

Thesis statement: God’s faithfulness is greater than ours.

———-

Thesis Statement for Ch. 1-3:
Although all are unrighteous before the law, God has established a righteousness apart from the law — through faith in Jesus.

————————————————–

Romans 4

1. Key ideas and themes
– even in the Old Testament, men were justified by God, not by their works
– justification comes from faith and belief

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

Characteristics of God

Characteristics of Man

– righteous
– justifier
– faithful
– dependent on God

3. Non-Christians/evangelism
– live a life that shows your faith
– God is consistent through OT and NT
– have patience

Romans 5

1. Key ideas and themes
– death through Adam and life through Christ
– hope through faith in Christ
– Jesus died for our justification

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

God

Man

– gracious
– defies logic (v. 7-8)
– provider (v. 5) of Holy Spirit
– utterly helpless (v. 6)
– undeserving
– dead in our sins

3. Non-Christian/Evangelism
– v. 6, 8:  speaking truth to those who are slaves to sin
– you can live in light of the gospel, and you can live knowing the gospel, but you cannot live the gospel, itself. thus, it’s extremely important to SPEAK the gospel
– need to proclaim it to communicate it

Thesis statement: By Christ’s death, we receive an abundance of grace. He is the greater Adam.

Romans 6

1. Key ideas and themes
– slave to sin becomes slave to God
– humans abuse God’s grace
– offering ourselves to God = human responsibility
– we’re under grace, not the law

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

God

Man

– master (v. 8-9, 22)
– gracious
– either slaves to sin or slaves to God
– we have died with Christ, and now live with him

3. Non-Christians/Evangelism:
– v. 23
– v.1 balance between grace and discipline
– v. 14: under grace, sin is taken away because of the propitiation of Christ
– v. 15-18: good for new believers. it is not okay to sin now that we’ve been justified.

Thesis Statement: When we die to sin, we are resurrected with  Christ by God’s grace and we should offer ourselves to Him as “instruments of righteousness”.

Romans 7
1. Key ideas and themes
– conflict of natures
– law is holy and good
– release from law by death
– internal struggle
– we are united with Christ in his death and resurrection

2. Characteristics of God and Man

God

Man

– God is the savior
– above the law
– struggle between desires
– weak, wretched

3. Non-Christians/Evangelism
– the law cannot save from sin
– attitude of humility
-be real
– being real with your sin

Thesis Statement: Though we struggle with our desires for Christ and sin, God’s grace covers us.

Romans 8

1. Key ideas and themes
– through Jesus Christ, no longer slaves to sin and no longer have to fear man
– God’s omnipotence
– now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus
– no obligation to flesh, but led by Spirit
– looking forward to Heaven
– not focus on Heaven as a culmination of our desires
– nothing can separate us from the love of God

2. Characteristics of God vs. Man

God

Man

– protector (37-39)
– infinite love, perfect plan
– intercedes
– promising (v. 1, 6, 31_
– creator
– father of adoption
– powerful
– “sitting ducks” (brian): v. 31; “God could easily wipe us out of existence, but he is merciful and loving and has allowed us to live to the next day” — brian
– v. 26, ignorant
– Christians are not of the flesh, but are of the spirit
– overwhelmed with love
– secure (v. 28-39)
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