Romans 1-5: Notes from August 2nd, 2012

Romans 1


1. v. 26: Is there any hope for those who are “given up” to their sin?
-v. 22, 23: literal idols or just idols in general?
-v. 18 who are the people God “gave up”?  The unrighteous.  Christians who follow the Lord are clothed in righteousness and are therefore exempt from God’s wrath
-God knows who He is “giving up” to sin, but that is not something we know
-These are the people who don’t want to be with God, even though they know who He is.  He allows them to have what they want (not being with Him).
-”There is hope, but there isn’t” –Zach Hom (because even us Christians often follow our idols over God)
-v. 18, 22: The wrath talked about is reserved for those who reject God &
-v. 20: Every human has the knowledge of God, even pre-Jesus.  His presence was displayed through His creation, so people before Jesus did not have any excuse.

2. Reconciling v. 8 and v. 15
-Gospel is for both the Jew and the Gentile, Greek and barbarian (v. 14)
-v. 12: use the Gospel to encourage them
-Paul wants Christians to hear the Gospel in different ways to help develop them, just as we do when we are in church
-The Gospel is not just simply for justification, but also for the pursuit of sanctification, which then leads into v. 17 “the righteous shall live by faith”

Romans 2

1. v. 12: Those who do not hear the Gospel are still condemned
-urgency to share the Gospel with others

2. v. 17: Talking about ethnic Jews or religious Jews?
-religious Jews (…call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God…)

3. What defines “The Law”?
-v. Old Testament: Leviticus, Ten Commandments, etc.

Romans 3

1. v. 19: What does it mean?
-Who is under the law?
-Jews?  Everyone?
-Through the law comes knowledge of sin
-”So that every mouth may be stopped”?
-There is nothing that we can say to justify sin

2. What are oracles?
-prophecies in the old testament
-God’s faithfulness in the past

3. v. 5: Upsetting that humans try to justify sinning by saying that it is ok because our unrighteousness makes God’s righteousness

Romans 4

Thesis: We, just like Abraham, are not justified by works, but receive righteousness through faith.

1. Was Abraham justified in faith of God alone, or in the faith of a coming Savior?
-Genesis 3 v. 15: the serpent strikes the heel, but he will crush his head
-both

2. Can people who lived before Christ be saved?
-Yes, just like Abraham
-Matthew 17: Moses and Elijah were with God (in God’s favor)

Romans 5

1. v. 13: “sin was in the world before the law was given”, how was there sin before the law if the law gives us knowledge of sin?
-The law (to us) hadn’t been written yet, but God’s law and standard of the law existed beforehand

2. v. 20: “the law was added so that the trespass might increase” does the law increase the amount of sin, or does it reveal sin?
-both.  “rules were made to be broken” — there are more laws to break and the temptation to break them [increases sin] and Romans 3:20 [reveals sin].

3. v. 6: “at the right time Christ died for the ungodly” Why was Jesus sent to earth in that particular time in history?
-Greek is one of the most descriptive languages; it was probably the best language to write the Bible in.
-Lots of cross-cultural understanding; Jews lived in Greek society and many knew the Scriptures and Greek

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